Correspondence of the Amherst Sisters
The five Amherst sisters; Mary, Sybil, Florence, Margaret and Alicia were the daughters of Lord and Lady Amherst of Foulden Hall in Norfolk. Sybil, Florence and Margaret never married and, at the outbreak of the First World War, all three sisters, in their fifties, were still living at the family home.
The Amherst letters (MC84/204 528×1) is a collection of correspondence largely related to Margaret’s role at the hospital. There is also some correspondence to the sisters from soldiers from the village who were known to them.
Margaret was the Commandant of the British Red Cross Auxiliary Hospital at Buckenham Tofts Hall at Mundford for the short time it was open between January and May 1916. During that time it admitted 52 patients. It closed when the area was required for military training. (Reference: ‘The Auxiliary Hospitals of The British Red Cross Society and St John Ambulance in Norfolk 1914-1919’. Compiled by Colonel C E Knight M.B.E. K.St.J).
Letters from the soldiers give some insight into how time was spent at the hospital.
Corporal H Kirke wrote:
“Do look sharp and get another house so I can come back to you . . .I was glad with the flowers Miss Florence sent over, we never see any flowers here from one day to another and the patients never get any cigarettes or tobacco . . . . I am ready for going out of this place, it doesn’t suit me a little bit”.
A later letter he thanks Miss Florence for sending a golf club and three balls.
Private Bateson wrote:
“You say you missed me in the kitchen. I only wish I was there now or Playing Golf . . . I expect the Billiard Table will get well Patronised”.
Lyle Craig wrote:
“Have you got any one to paint postcards, if not I shall come back and do this”
Thank-you letters reveal the range of gifts the sisters sent. These included books, photos, knitted garments and even guinea pigs sent to soldiers’ children. Tobacco was a commonly well-received gift and clearly the perils of smoking were unknown at the time.
In June 1916 Private Twigg, having been transferred to the Norfolk War Hospital in Norwich, wrote:
“As I do not smoke much it gave me great satisfaction to distribute the cigarettes among my chums many of whom miss a smoke more than anything. I had just used my last piece of soap so yours saved me the trouble of getting more from these French shops”.
Parents of those in the Amherst’s care also wrote expressing their gratitude.
H Claxton’s mother wrote:
“My son asked me to send you one of my cannary (sic) birds . . . I will send it by the 9.20. . . . . thanking you for your kindness to my son”.
Grace Croxford, living in South Africa, wrote about her daughter Joy who was working at the hospital.
“My daughter Joy’s letters are so full of her bright and happy life with you . . . . It is such a comfort to us to know she is in such kind hands and such a lovely home . . .We hope she will do her duty to our poor wounded boys . . it is a great pleasure to us that she should have the opportunity of seeing so much of dear old England”.
Soldiers who were transferred to other Red Cross Hospitals when Buckenham Tofts Hall closed were quick to compare.
H Lingwood of the Norfolk Regiment was transferred to Bilney. He wrote:
“I am sorry to tell you that we are not so happy as we were at Buckenham and I am sure that we shall never find another hospital like (yours) where ever we go”.
Private Twigg also transferred to Bilney and was equally unhappy. He accused the Matron of withholding a letter from him and wrote:
“I have been out once since I have been here. I am sure now that she is doing this for making money, she thinks more of her chickens and dogs than us”.
The care shown extended beyond the soldiers’ stay at the hospital. Margaret Amherst was anxious to know that the soldiers, on discharge, had reached their next destination safely. The soldiers would be given a stamped addressed postcard to send back to her confirming their safe arrival at their next destination.
Lance Corporal William Robert English (Service number 20103) and Isaac Eagle (Service number 18750) were known to the Amherst family and corresponded with the sisters throughout the war. English was the village schoolteacher and Eagle was an agricultural labourer in Foulden.
English had promised to write to Florence Amherst once he had received a promotion and duly did so:
“The promotion came on Saturday night I donned my stripe with all due importance on Sunday morning. I am an “unpaid L.Cpl. but that does not matter as there is the satisfaction of knowing that one has risen one step. . . . . The uncertainty, and the fact that all one’s actions are planned for him, -have rendered me – and others too – almost careless of the future. . . . . . The average Britisher loves to grumble & yet performs. I think it is amusing. . . . . . I have been kept well informed of Foulden news for I have received from time to time letters from the school children. Strange to say the girls write but the boys do not”.
Eagle found himself in Cairo in 1915 and wrote:
“I have done my best to observe all the rules of health as laid down by the authorities for our personal benefit. But unfortunately a good many have been laid low with that awful dysentery caused sometimes by indulging in eating too much native fruit and as you know the natives are none too clean personally! I believe they have a dislike for soap…..I have lately paid a visit to the Pyramids. . . I had my long desired ride on a camel”.
English served in Mesoptomaia, India and Egypt and returned home in 1917. Eagle died at sea on the ship Victory in November 1916.
This collection of correspondence reflects one of the many ways that support was given during the war by those at home and it is testimony to the level of care and kindness shown by the Amherst sisters that such a wealth of letters exist.
Compiled by Daryl Long, NRO Research Blogger.