Remembering Arthur Robert Buck

With many thanks to the Wood Norton Remembers project for this post. As ever if you or your local history group has any research to share please do get in touch.

Arthur Robert Buck was born on the 2nd May 1878, the youngest son of Robert and Elizabeth Buck, and was baptised on the 19th May 1878 in Stibbard parish church.

Figure 1: Extract from the Stibbard Baptisms Register, 1878

The British Army WW1 Service records 1914-1920 do not appear to have survived for Arthur, but from the extant records it can be seen that Arthur was serving with the Bedfordshire Regiment  when he was killed in 1918 (see Figure 2).[1]

Figure 2: Medal Roll Index Card
for Arthur Buck

Arthur died during the Somme conflict in May 1918, and the war diary for the 4th Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment indicates that this was at Forceville, in Picardy.[2]  The diary records that on the 25th May 1918, amongst the officers and men killed or wounded, there were

6 OR’s Killed, 11 OR’s missing, 31 OR’s wounded, 1 gassed

Arthur’s Record of Soldiers’ Effects notes 25.3.18 Death Presumed France.  An amount of £14 9s 6d, including a war gratuity of £12 10s, was paid to his sister, Jane (as sole legatee), in 1919.[3]

Arthur is commemorated on the Pozieres Memorial (see Figure 3).  The memorial relates to the period of crisis in March and April 1918, when the Allied Fifth Army was driven back by overwhelming numbers across the former Somme battlefields, and the months that followed before the Advance to Victory which began on 8th August 1918.  It commemorates over 14,300 casualties of the United Kingdom and South African Forces who have no known grave and who died on the Somme from 21st March to 7th August 1918.[4]

Figure 3: Pozieres Memorial – Arthur Buck
(reproduced by kind permission of the Buck family)

There is a memorial to Arthur on the headstone for his niece, Alice, in Wood Norton churchyard (she died on the 25th February 1919, aged 26).  The inscription reads:

Also Arthur Robert Buck, uncle of the above, killed in action in France, May 25th 1918, aged 41 years.

Further research into Arthur’s family reveals that his father, Robert Buck, was born c.1833 in Stibbard, the son of James and Elizabeth Buck.[5]  He married Elizabeth Sayers on the 14th November 1856, in Stibbard parish church.[6]  Elizabeth (Betsy) Sayers was baptised on the 4th June 1827 in Stibbard, the daughter of William and Martha Sayers.[7]  Elizabeth Buck died in 1894, aged 57, and is buried at Stibbard.[8]  Robert Buck (a farm labourer) died in 1897, aged 64, and is buried at Aylsham.[9]  The census returns for Stibbard from 1861 to 1891 record Robert and Elizabeth’s growing family, with six sons and four daughters being born between 1857 and 1882:

 

Name Born Died
William 1857, in Stibbard (baptised 18th October 1857).[10] 1937, aged 79.[11] William is buried in Wood Norton.
John 1860, in Stibbard (baptised 25th March 1860).[12] 1942, aged 82.[13]
James 1862, in Stibbard (baptised 16th November 1863).[14]  
Jane 1865, in Stibbard (baptised 30th June 1865).[15]  Jane married William Wright on the 24th December 1891, in Wood Norton parish church. [16]  Their son, Alfred Wright (Arthur’s nephew) was killed in action in 1917 (Palestine). 1950, aged 84.[17] Jane is buried in Wood Norton.
Lucy 1868, in Stibbard (baptised 11th March 1868).[18]  Lucy married William John Snowling in 1896.[19] 1954, aged 86.[20]

 

Thomas 5th May 1870, in Stibbard (baptised 9th June 1870).[21]  
Samuel Henry 1873, in Stibbard (baptised 23rd February 1873).[22] Samuel joined the Royal Engineers on the 14th January 1897, and served for 23 years.  He served at home and abroad, including postings in Sierra Leone, Malta and Hong Kong, before applying for his pension in March 1918.[23] 1938, aged 65.[24]
Eliza 1875, in Stibbard (baptised 11th April 1875).[25] Eliza married Edward James Harrold on the 5th February 1898 in Wood Norton parish church.[26] 1956, aged 81.[27]
Arthur Robert 2nd March 1878, in Stibbard.

In the 1911 census for Wood Norton, Arthur is aged 32, and a gardener.

25th May 1918, the Somme
Mary Elizabeth 16th June 1882, in Stibbard (baptised 10th September 1882).[28]  Mary married Joseph Grint in 1914.[29] 1959, aged 74.[30]

According to the 1901 census for Wood Norton, Arthur was living with his sister, Jane, and brother-in-law, William Wright.[31]  In the 1911 census for Wood Norton, Arthur was lodging with Robert Dack’s family (Robert was the blacksmith and publican of the Sun Public House), and gave his occupation in the census as a gardener.  The 1918 electoral roll lists him as an absent voter, and living at The Brush, Wood Norton.

 

The headstone for Arthur’s niece, Alice, also includes an inscription for Arthur’s nephew, Alfred Wright (Jane and William Wright’s son), which reads:

Also Alfred, their second son, killed in action on Dec. 8th 1917, buried at Enab in Palestine, aged 22 years.

Beneath these inscriptions are the words from Alfred’s military headstone: Death Divides but Memory Clings.

[1] British Army WW1 Medal Roll Index Cards, 1914-1920 (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[2] War Dairy, 4th Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment, May 1918 (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[3] UK, Army Registers of Soldiers’ Effects 1901-1929 (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[4] CWGC information for Pozieres Memorial (www.cwgc.org)

[5] 1841 census, Stibbard (p.9, Enumeration Schedule 8)  (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[6] Marriage Register, 1856, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk); FreeBMD Quarter to December 1986, Walsingham Vol.4b (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[7] 1841 census, Stibbard (p.16, Enumeration Schedule 11) (www.ancestry.co.uk); Baptism Register, 1837, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[8] FreeBMD, Quarter to June 1894, Walsingham Vol.4b, p174 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[9] FreeBMD, Quarter to  December 1897, Aylsham Vol.4b, p64 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Burial Register, 1897, Aylsham (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[10] FreeBMD, Quarter to September 1857, Walsingham, Vol.4b, p.270 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Baptism Register, 1857, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[11] FreeBMD, Quarter to June 1937, Aylsham, Vol.4b, p.84 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Transcript and Index to Wood Norton, Norfolk, Parish Registers, compiled by Keith and Shirley Howell (February 2000), Burials, 1937 (p.132)

[12] FreeBMD, Quarter to March 1860, Walsingham, Vol.4b, p.309 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Baptism Register, 1860, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[13] FreeBMD, Quarter to December 1942, Wayland, Vol.4b, p.225 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[14] Baptism Register, 1862, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk); FreeBMD, Quarter to September 1862, Walsingham, Vol.4b, p.274 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[15] Baptism Register, 1865, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk); FreeBMD, Quarter to September 1865, Walsingham, Vol.4b, p.267 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[16] FreeBMD, Quarter to December 1891, Aylsham, Vol.4b, p.269 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Transcript and Index to Wood Norton, Norfolk, Parish Registers, compiled by Keith and Shirley Howell (February 2000), Marriages, 1891 (p.97)

[17] FreeBMD, Quarter to June 1950, Fakenham, Vol.4b, p.374 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[18] FreeBMD, Quarter to March 1868, Walsingham, Vol.4b, p.303 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Baptism Register, 1868, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[19] FreeBMD, Quarter to December 1896, Loddon, Vol.4b, p.555 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[20] FreeBMD, Quarter to December 1954, Lothingland, Vol.4b, p.799 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[21] Baptism Register, 1870, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[22] FreeBMD, Quarter to March 1873, Walsingham, Vol.4b, p.288 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Baptism Register, 1873, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[23] British Army WW1 Pension Records 1914-1920 (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[24] FreeBMD, Quarter to December 1938, Mitford, Vol.4b, p.275 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[25] FreeBMD, Quarter to June 1875, Walsingham, Vol.4b, p.285 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Baptism Register, 1875, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[26] FreeBMD, Quarter to March 1898, Aylsham, Vol.4b, p.155 (www.freebmd.org.uk); Transcript and Index to Wood Norton, Norfolk, Parish Registers, compiled by Keith and Shirley Howell (February 2000), Marriages, 1898 (p.98)

[27] FreeBMD, Quarter to December 1956, E. Dereham, Vol.4b, p.411 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[28] Baptism Register, 1882, Stibbard (www.ancestry.co.uk)

[29] FreeBMD, Quarter to September 1914, Norwich, Vol.4b, p.215 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[30] FreeBMD, Quarter to March 1959, Norwich, Vol.4b, p.755 (www.freebmd.org.uk)

[31] 1901 census, Wood Norton (p.3) (www.ancestry.co.uk)

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One thought on “Remembering Arthur Robert Buck

  1. Pingback: Remembering Arthur Robert Buck – Your Ancestor Search

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