The Norfolk Regiment

The Norfolk Regiment was the county infantry regiment. However, men from other areas could join the Norfolk Regiment and men from Norfolk found themselves in regiments from around the country, particularly during the rapid growth of the British army during the First World War.

During the First World War the Regiment had two regular battalions, three service (or Kitchener) battalions and two territorial battalions on active service abroad. The 1st Battalion crossed to France with the British Expeditionary Force in early August 1914. It served on the Western Front, and was joined by the 7th, 8th and 9th (Service) Battalions in 1915. The 2nd Battalion served in Mesopotamia, while the 1/4th and 1/5th Territorial Battalions fought in Gallipoli and the Middle East.  There were also a number of battalions used for training and home service, such as coastal defence.

The Royal Norfolk Regimental Museum looks after a wealth of objects relating to the Regiment. Many of these objects are on display in Norwich Castle Museum, including army uniform, kit, personal letters and diaries that reflect the daily lives of soldiers in wartime and peace. Gallantry and service medals are also on display, along with details about the men who won them.

Behind the scenes a small team of staff and volunteers care for the collection, and have a wide range of knowledge and expertise. In our archive we hold a large number of First World War documents including official war diaries, battalion orders and recommendations for awards, as well as more personal material such as letters, diaries and photographs.

As part of the First World War centenary commemorations, the RNRM will be providing family history research sessions at Norwich Castle Study Centre for those wishing to find out more about the soldiers who served with the Regiment in the First World War.

Please contact us on 01603 493625 for more information and to book a place.



27 thoughts on “The Norfolk Regiment

  1. Rob, thank you for the info on H R Pattinson. I have found a newspaper clipping from The Diss Express & Norfolk & Suffolk Journal May 17th & 18th 1917 detailing both his and his brother Corp A C Pattinson’s WW1 death and injury respectively. Regards, Margaret

  2. I have been very fortunate to recently purchase a large archive of letters from an officer in the Norfolk`s in Mesopotamia {many are addressed from the “composite battalion” the “Norsets”}
    they date from 1916/17 and have been sent to his mother and father in Norwich.They provide a wonderful insight into this campaign

    • My grandfather, Private Arthur Joseph Spraggs, of 1/4th Norfolk, died of wounds 22 December 1917 and is buried in Kantara cemetery. His service no. is 31046 and he was part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. I have a picture of his grave sent to my grandmother, but as my mother was only 18 months old when he died, I know nothing more. I would love to learn more about where and in what action he was fatally injured or anything else.

      • Audrey,

        The 1/4th Bn was not in action the day your grandfather died of wounds. These were probably sustained on 15th Dec 1917, when 2 Coys of the 1/4th Bn attacked Stone Heap Hill.

        If so, this may be what you are after.

        The preparations for the attack began on 13th and 14th December. The 1/4th Bn was to head the assault with A and C Coys 1/5th Bn in support. With no known image of Stone Heap Hill, we are fortunate that Petre’s (1925) description is fulsome:

        …a rocky feature overlooking the plain on the west, and flanked on the south-east by a smaller hill known as Sanger’s [sic] Hill. These two were joined by a rocky saddle 200 or 300 yards long. From the west point of Stone Heap Hill there ran, nearly due south, a spur stretching almost to the village of Deir Turief and ending in olive groves surrounding its foot. Between this spur and Sanger’s Hill was a fairly deep depression, forming a watercourse which joined a wadi at the edge of the olive groves.

        The attack was to involve about 250 men led by Capt Back and Capt Bernard King. It began at 08.00 h with D Coy to the right, A Coy to the left, C in support and B in reserve, with the 1/5th’s two companies still in support of the 1/4th Bn. The attackers assemble in a cactus garden northwest of Deir Tureif, about 1500 m from Stone Heap Hill. The left wing of the attack was to pass over the spur and the centre and right wings headed across the depression over the watercourse. It may have been a dry stream bed; it is not clear.
        Immediately machine guns on Stone Heap Hill ahead to Sanger Hills to the right opened up on the attacker, particularly the right flank. C Coy moved from support to the centre between D and A Coys. The attackers already moving at pace, under fire and in the open were forced to speed. D Coy on the right to swing around the saddle. Sgt S Beale single handedly captured one machine gun by killing its two man crew. He was also commended for his care for the wounded during the fire fight. Capt King was commended (so says Petre, but based on what he does not say) for his cool leadership. L/Sgt George Wardropper and Pte Bates, King and Andrews were likewise commended for their bravery during the attack which took the crest of the Hill by bayonet and at a charge. The Turks were driven off, relentlessly northwards.

        The attack by A and D Coys 1/4th Norfolk had begun with 6 officers and 219 men. 2/Lt BTW Davenport and 11 men had been killed. 2/Lt Knowles, 2/Lt Hole and one unnamed officer and 65 men were wounded. Of the 1/4th’s casualties on this day, two – Pryke and Street – are listed not as killed in action but as having died. The battalion war diary notes two deaths by accident, a bomb explosion that also wounded 8. Your grandfather may have been wounded in action that day. If he had died as a consequence of the accident, I think that may have been listed as died of a self inflicted wound

        Accurate and for the time being, close range, Turkish artillery prevented the new owners digging in and they were forced to rely on natural features for cover. Meanwhile, to the right of the 1/4th Norfolks, the 1/5th Suffolks had taken Sanger Hill (Kh. el Bornat to the locals), securing the day’s objective’s.

        The Turkish battery that prevented movement in the open on Stone Heap Hill may have been located about 600 m to the north on a low rise overlooking El Tireh. In any event, the 1/5th Norfolks were given the job that afternoon of taking the rise. Two companies were sent forward from the Brigade Reserve. With their stretcher bearers and two platoons in reserve on Stone Heap Hill, the other company and a half advanced along a low ridge line joining the start point with the objective. Turkish fire from three sides was rapidly and effectively suppressed by allied artillery support. The hill was taken with 2 dead and 7 wounded. It was held with no further casualties that day.

        After the action, the 1/4th battalion remained in camp on the plain of Sharon until March 1918.

        On 26th December 1917, Pte Walter Tunaley 200360 (my great uncle), arrived at Kantara Hospital with gunshot wounds. If he was wounded at Stone Heap Hill on 15th December, the 1/4th Bn’s last action, 11 days would have elapsed. When L/Cpl GJ Dury 25774 1/4th Bn was wounded on Tuesday, 27th November, he reached Kantara on Saturday, 1st December, just four days later.

        If you were up for up for sharing a copy of the image of your granddad’s grave or even of him, I would love to see it.



  3. Hello Amy and Philip Seale. I too am looking for more information on Company Sgt. Major Philip Moore, who was my great-grandfather. I tried to reply to your posts earlier but not sure if I was successful. I visited his grave this week and took some photos of Caterpillar Valley cemetery. I’d like to know more about his service during the first two years of the war.

    • Hi Amy, Philip Moore was my great grandfather. I visited his grave at Caterpillar Valley two days ago and have a few photographs of the cemetery and the memorial. I’m just starting to trace the family history.

      • Hi Richard…..nice to hear from you, my grandad visited the headstone in Norfolk not so long ago…im going to email this website to see if they have a picture of Phillip Moore, I saw one when I was younger on my great grandads wall ( Harold Moore) and now I do not know who has it

    • Hi Amy I’m delighted you replied to my messeage which I’ve only just discovered. Philip was my great uncle.I’ve been to see his grave and it would be great to find out more about him with you. regards Philip Seale

  4. Hi unfortunately I’m unable to attend the history sessions in Norwich. I’m very interested in finding information about my great uncle Company Sargeant Major Philip Moore, no 4754 Ist Battalion who died in Flanders on 27 July 1916. Any information you have on his service I would be most grateful.

    • Dear Philip,

      sorry you can’t attend the library support sessions in Norwich this autumn, if you can get into Norwich at any time you might find some useful information in the library, you can always book a 30 minute session with our archive specialist to help the research. If your great-uncle served in the Norfolk Regiment our colleagues at the Regimental Museum may hold more information their telephone number is 01603 493640 – Sarah, Norfolk Libraries

    • Hi Philip. Sgt. Major Philip Moore was my great grandfather. I visited his grave at Caterpillar Valley two days ago and have a few photographs of the cemetery and the memorial. I’m just starting to trace the family history and would be interested in any information you have.

      • Hi Richard -Thanks for replying to my message which I,ve only discovered today! exactly one hundred days since he died! Would be great if we could get in contact so that I could find out more about him. I visited his grave two years ago. hope to hear from you. regards Phil Seale

  5. Hello, I am searching for info.on Company Sergent Major Henry Robinson Pattinson No. 200010, who died 19th April 1917. He is remembered on the Jerusalem War memorial.and was a resident of East Harling.

    • I cannot help you with your search but it is interesting that your HenryPattinson’s Reg 200010. My grandfather who also died in the Middle East on 6th Aug 1918 had the number 200001. He had been transferred from the Suffolk Regiment when he returned from leave in 1916/17 did this happen to your Henry?. If you have a photo of Henry to compare you might be interested in a photo I have of a battalion of men (my grandfather is somewhere in there?) in the desert. Contact me on If interested and I could send you a scan of it.

    • Margaret,

      In 1912, E Coy of the 4th Norfolks, a territorial battalion that had its HQ and drill hall in Attleborough. There were detachments in East Harling and in Hingham.

      Your g/f was a NCO, so possibly senior enough to have been serving pre-war or possibly to be a former soldier returning to the colours.

      He was killed at the 2nd Battle of Gaza. This was the last occasion during the war that the 4th and 5th Norfolk battalions in Palestine were still made up largely of men from the county. Losses were high. The outcome a failure.

      In Neil Storey’s book on Norfolk’s territorial, “The Pride on Norfolk”, there is a picture of 4 sergeants, including Sgt Jack Dye of Attleborough. It looks to be taken before the battalion embarked for Gallipoli, possibly before 1914. It is a very very long shot but if Dye and your grandfather were pals, the image might be worth checking out. The image was provided to Storey by a relative of Dye.


  6. Hello Michael – thanks for your comment and apologies for the delay in responding. Staff at the Royal Norfolk Regimental Museum will email you with the information that we have about Albert Holmes.

  7. I will not be able to attend the history meetings in Norwich, But I would like to know where when and where my grandfather went during the Middle East Campaign. He was Albert Holmes No 200001 originally from the Suffolk Regiment who died after being wounded on 6th Aug 1918 and is buried in North Gate Cemetery in Baghdad. If you are interested I have a photo of his battalion in the desert, although I do not know which is him in the photo.

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